Healthcare Data Mining, Structured Data and Natural Language Processing

Medicine and healthcare have been one of the most researched and studied branches of Science for centuries. There are records of use of medicines as early as 500 B.C. Research and development over millions of years has led to the establishment of the current structured healthcare system. Documentation of patient records is an integral component of healthcare and mandatory in many countries which rely on insurance-based healthcare systems.

Early forms of healthcare documentation involved physicians keeping hand-written records of patient visits and filing this information for future reference. Managing records of thousands of patients in paper became impossible, not to mention that paper-based records were vulnerable to loss in natural calamities.

This led to the birth of electronic healthcare data capture and documentation. Patient records were then managed in the form of electronic documents and systems like EMRs, EHRs, and other forms of electronic healthcare data management systems provided secure patient information and easily available to the physicians whenever required.

Hospitals and healthcare practices across the US spend thousands of dollars every year in documenting and managing patient care details to meet statutory requirements of the healthcare industry. Most of this data is recorded and stored in EMRs and EHRs and used generally for insurance purposes or for reference.

An innovative and visionary line of thought is the use of concrete data and evidence to support medical decisions. This is called EBM or evidence-based medicine. Evidence of this is available from as early as 1854 when John Snow (considered the father of epidemiology) used maps with bar graphs to discover the source of a cholera outbreak and trace it to the water supply system in London. He counted the number of deaths and plotted the victims’ addresses on a map and saw that all the deaths occurred around a common water body. This was one of the earliest applications of data mining.

The modern EMR of a hospital or healthcare facility is a rich treasure-house of information of thousands of patients with a wide facet of illnesses, containing thousands of medicines, history etc. Each and every bit of information stored in this system could be a part of a pattern of events which if studied could give valuable insights into the pattern of diseases and the techniques of treatment and if researched lead to predictions about disease outbreaks.

The question however is how do we tap into this vast pool of data and extract the information we need!!!

This could be available either by:

Manually searching through thousands of documents.
Creating an electronic tool to search for data and analyze patterns.

Manual searching of such huge volumes of data is not a practical solution. An electronic tool to do that would have to be an intelligent system which should know exactly what to search for, where to search it, and how to present it in the most useful way. Different physicians have different styles of dictation and formats of reports, the search tool will have to separate out the required information and present the most valuable information.

For example:

Heart disease is one of the most common causes of death in the United States.

Identification of early signs of heart disease can save thousands of lives. Analyzing a database of thousands of patients with heart disease can give valuable information about the probable causes, nature of progression, etc., of heart disease and help in developing systems that could identify heart disease at the earliest signs of occurrence leading to timely treatment and preventive techniques can save many lives.

Natural Language Processing or NLP is a field of computer science and linguistics concerned with the interactions between computers and human (natural) languages. It began as a branch of artificial intelligence. In theory, natural language processing is a very attractive method of human–computer interaction. Natural language understanding is sometimes referred to as an AI-complete problem because it seems to require extensive knowledge about the outside world and the ability to manipulate it.

Combining NLP and data mining provides the solution to tap into the huge resource of health-care data and provide tangible solutions to queries and problems.

EZDI is a clinical Natural Language Processing Engine that identifies and converts relevant text into codes and numbers using patented technology.

EZDI combines data mining and NLP to extract clinical information from an EMR, or any healthcare documentation system, and provides structured information on diseases, findings, procedures, microorganisms, pharmaceuticals, etc., arranged systematically with computer processable collection of medical terminology SNOMED-CT (Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine – Clinical Terms).

Key Areas of Application Include:

Improving the Quality of Patient Care

Identifying high-risk patient groups with combinations of symptoms and/or risks.

Identifying the need for prophylactic measures to prevent outbreak of disease.

Improve patient care through efficient prescribing of drugs by identifying duplication or over-prescribing of drugs, and also identifying potential drug interactions in contraindicated drugs

Search for statistical data regarding patient-disease patterns, classifying them based on age, gender, geographical locations, food groups, etc., by identifying common factors among patients with similar diseases.

Identifying the need for diagnostic tests in specific patients, leading to effective dispensing of health care measures.

One way mirror facilities for Qualitative Healthcare Market Research in UAE, Egypt And Kuwait – Focus-Suites

One way mirror facilities for Qualitative Healthcare Market Research in UAE, Egypt And Kuwait – Focus-Suites

The consumer market is an extremely dynamic entity, their needs and requirements keep changing all the time, especially in the healthcare sector. So, to understand the needs of the consumer, Focus Suites provides one way viewing facilities for qualitative market research in UAE.
Focus Suite is Asia’s largest qualitative research service provider and has state of the art one way mirror facilities in UAE. They believe that qualitative market research is more than merely a series of focus groups or interviews. They believe that it needs to be approached in a more methodological way by using one way viewing facilities which will help researchers study their research subjects as naturally as possible, without direct interaction.
Apart from qualitative market research in UAE, Focus Suites also provides healthcare market research in Egypt and healthcare market research in Kuwait. They are specialised in collecting data by various means like face to face or tele interviews as well as simultaneous translations and transcriptions.
The research facilities at Focus Suites are designed to provide their global business partners with a one of a kind view into the Middle East market. These facilities are equipped with live video streaming with enough room to comfortably seat fifteen respondents. There is also a waiting area for any respondent who arrives ahead of their scheduled time. For the clients, there is an appointment room with a high speed internet access and a one way mirror.
The observation room with a one way mirror features comfortable seating for up to a maximum of eight observers with a wireless head set which can be used to listen to the group along with Wi-Fi accessibility. The client lounge is quite large and can comfortably seat up to twenty clients. The lounge is connected to the observation room with the help if a CCTV camera and a plasma screen TV along with wireless headsets to see and listen to the group being studied.

Where Are the Treatments For Osteoarthritis in a Great Specialized Culture? Is it Surgery?

I have experienced from arthritis. How is it, do you think about, that in a country with so many technical developments we can have so many illnesses that problem us? May I recommend that it is due to avarice, deficit of knowledge, and misinformation?

I keep in mind many decades ago during a physician’s reach that one of their keynote audio speakers suggested them to go returning to work because the healthcare centers were clearing. In other terms, individuals were getting well and making the healthcare centers because the physicians were not there offering their various drug solutions.

Now please do not misunderstand, I am not against physicians per se, but however I do not have to shut my sight to the apparent. For example how many periods have you observed the expression, “The function was a achievements, but we missing the individual.”?

It’s Nothing to Have fun About:

It is apparent to me that, for what ever purpose, with all of the being overweight, illnesses, loaded urgent situation locations, loaded physicians workplaces, and loaded healthcare centers, that people are either not knowledgeable or they are basically overlooking that knowledge.

Relative to avarice in the healthcare market, I would basically factor to the excessive quantity of category measures lawsuit legal cases being offered via the press concerning prescribed drugs alone.

Reminiscing:

I can strongly keep in mind time that I damaged a rib and another time when my most well-known son smashed his leg. We were both very thankful for the physicians that joined us and assisted put us returning together. I furthermore keep in mind our physicians particularly informing us that it would take a certain period for our accidents to cure.

I had been conscious of an organic mixture that I had formerly taken that assisted in the treatment of structures and fibrous harm, which had been suggested by a naturopath. Both my son and I took this organic mixture for our accidents and I deliberately kept a record of the finish duration of the recovery procedure. In each situation, it only took one-half of time that the physicians estimated that it would take for us to independently actually cure.

So, along the range of diet, herbal solutions, accidents and physicians, one of elements that I have discovered is to make going “under the knife” a last rather than a first hotel. This is a summary that I individually achieved after examining several guides on the topic of organic solutions.

Arthritis is certainly a hurtful condition that often causes healthcare procedures as an choice. Most individuals that have had healthcare procedures for arthritis, which I have met throughout my profession as law enforcement and as a organic wellness specialist, have had “multiple” operations and have often cried to me that the discomfort only gets more intense after the healthcare procedures. After old-fashioned treatments and organic combinations; I have seen many of them by pass and hop away from me while rewarding God with a look on their encounters.

I sure wish high tech solutions could no cost me from arthritis. Until then, balanced diet that is compounded with herbal solutions will have to “hold me over.” If you will please purpose me, I have my regular workshop to run.

A mobile monitoring application for chronic Regional Enteritis

This suite of next generation technology solutions help in improving the lives of people with Crohn’s disease. This app aims at significantly reducing the associated healthcare costs.

Crohn’s disease is a condition where there is inflammation in any part of the gut. The mobile application of the Crohn’s disease goes beyond traditional data collection and sharing. Crohn’s Manager and the entire suite of technology solutions help in translating data into valuable information and actionable knowledge. This suite of next generation technology solutions help in betterment of the lives of the affected people by integrating clinical, behavioral, and motivational applications with everyday technologies, like the internet and cell phone, to engage patients and healthcare providers in ways that dramatically improve outcomes and significantly reduce healthcare costs.

A Leading Disease Management Solution Provider in the United States came up with this mobile solution for Crohn’s disease. The solution will allow the user to update and track the information regarding the medication followed. With this health monitoring mobile application, Crohn’s disease can be managed at any place and time without any visits to the hospital. Thus users can lead a better lifestyle with lower health costs.

The Corhn’s Manager compiles the data electronically to analyze the output in order to provide a real time feedback to the patients to take a necessary step according to the severity of the disease level. Keeping track of the medications taken for the Regional Enteritis or Crohn’s disease is a lot easier and reliable with Crohn’s Manager. The alerts can be scheduled based on the medication cycles and the features such as the treatment history, analysis of personal health data and other such feedback helps the users in monitoring their personal health accurately with the Crohn’s Manager Application.

The Crohn’s Manager is a mobile resident user disease management application for Crohn’s disease. The users can update their treatment records of the Crohn’s disease on to the application to understand the progress of the recovery or otherwise. This application helps the affected person to seek help when required based on the treatment history recorded. The user can input the information regarding the type of the medication injected for the disease treatment and in which part of the body the medication was injected to. The area of the body on which the drug is induced is diagrammatically represented in the form of infographics.

The user experience is more enhanced when the data is represented pictorially. The users also have an option of rating their general well being on the application along with maintaining their treatment schedules. The treatment schedules once fed on the application alerts the user so that the treatment schedule or the doctor visit is never forgotten or mixed up.

The Crohn’s Manager houses options for those certain tasks that would help the users in their treatments. For chronic diseases it is of high importance that the medical history recorded should be accurate and to the point for any future reference. The data must be readable and understandable by the users (patients) and by the health care specialists too. This application however, keeps a complete track record of the treatment details and the complete history of the treatment procedures for an accurate feedback to the users and their physicians.